Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is a problem that is faced by a large number of adults, regardless of their gender. There is a wide range of severity of this dental problem and it can vary from slight inflammation and swell to extremely advanced progression that occurs in the underlying bone tissue. If the condition is neglected for a long time, it will progress to even more serious infections and will completely destroy gums, bone, connective tissue and teeth in the process. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed by dentists for the purpose of dealing with serious infections because home remedies are unable to give a positive result.
Antibiotics can be used separately or even in conjunction with dental surgery, depending on the severity of the infection. Topical forms of antibiotics have become more common nowadays as compared to the oral administration done by dentists. It has been realized by dentists that in contrast to surgery alone, antibiotics have proven to be highly effective for dealing with the periodontal disease. Antibiotics are used by dentists for preventing any infection after surgery. However, there is a rising concern regarding the excessive use of antibiotics amongst patients. This is due to the fact that treating future bacterial infections becomes very difficult as the body builds a resistance to the antibiotics.
A potent and broad-spectrum antibiotic is called tetracycline. This antibiotic is primarily used by the dentist to prevent the occurrence of gum disease after surgery has been performed. Not only does this antibiotic destroy bacteria effectively, it can also reduce inflammation and inhibits the growth of the enzyme called collagenase, which is responsible for the breakdown of connective tissue. A 10-day cycle is the standard dose for tetracycline, but dentists are more commonly opting for topical applications instead of oral doses.
Available as a gel or strip, Elyzol is a topical antibiotic, which has to be applied to the gums directly. Metronidazole can be found in this antibiotic and is effective against bacteria and parasites.
A drug containing tiny capsules is called Arestin and these capsules are placed in the gum pockets. It has been revealed by research that this drug can be very useful in reducing the depth of gum pockets.
Macrolides and Quinolones
For treating inflammation, there is an alternative for tetracycline called macrolides. It also inhibits the growth of bacterial infections. Likewise, infections can also be treated with the aid of quinolones. Chronic and severe gum disease is treated with the combination of metronidazole or tetracycline.
Dental floss and Actisite are very similar with only one difference; it comprises of tetracycline hydrochloride. It also has to be rubbed between the gums and tooth. This is said to be one of the very first antibiotics that were used for the purpose of periodontal maintenance.